Simkiss, D. E. et al. (2013). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a universal parenting skills programme in deprived communities: multicentre randomised controlled trial
A Randomised Control Trial of the 10-week Nurturing Programme was commissioned by City of Cardiff Council (supported by the Welsh Assembly Government) in 2008 and reported in 2011. The study – that was conducted independently in South Wales communities – was unusual in that the programme was offered universally, rather than to parents on a waiting list for intervention. The results were inconclusive, neither the ‘treatment allocated’ nor ‘per protocol’ analyses conducted by the research team yielding statistically significant results, even though they tended to favour the Nurturing Programme over the control group.